Green buildings will account for 70% of new urban buildings by 2022, according to new action plan published by five ministries in China. The province of Henan is increasingly phasing out coal-based heating in an attempt to increase the use of electricity or gas based heating. Read below for ongoing developments in the heating and cooling sector in China.
National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development and another five ministries jointly released an action plan for green building construction in July 2020. According to the action plan, by 2022 the green building area of new urban buildings will account for 70%. The action plan also encourages energy-saving and water-saving transformation of existing residential buildings in combination with clean heating, renovation of old urban communities, and construction of sponge cities.
For the Green Building Evaluation Standard (2019) issued by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of P R China, please click here>
Clean Heating Evaluation Standard T/CECS 697 was issued by China Association for Engineering Construction Standardization, and it will be effective from November 1st, 2020.
National Energy Administration issued the 2020 energy work guidance in June 2020.
The State Council issued guiding opinions on the reconstruction of old residential district in cities and towns in July 2020. The objective is to renovate 39,000 old urban communities in 2020, involving nearly 7 million residents. By 2022, the institutional framework, policy system and working mechanism for urban old community reconstruction shall be formed. By the end of the “14th Five-Year Plan” (2021-2025) period, all residential communities that are completed before 2000 and need renovation should be reconstructed.
In 2020, Shandong provincial government provided clean heating subsidy of 395 million, with the aim to increase clean heating area of 29 million square meters. Shandong province, in addition, has issued a series of documents supporting clean heating and strives to achieve a clean heating rate of more than 80% in the province during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), among which, county towns and cities should have achieved full coverage of clean heating, and the average clean heating rate in rural areas shall reach 75%.
According to the “Heating Plan”, CO2 emission intensity per unit of GDP shall be reduced by 20,5% in comparison to that of 2015. Cities like Jinan, Qingdao and Yantai shall take a leading role in clean heating and air quality improvement. The provincial heating plan encourages renewable energy heating, particularly geothermal energy.
Henan province will increase 1 million users using electricity or gas instead of coal in heating. Replacing coal with electricity will focus on users such as residential buildings, public facilities such as school, hospital, welfare institutions, offices and shopping malls, and will build several distributed electricity heating projects. Compressed natural gas and other gas sources for heating will focus on the construction of distributed heating such as gas boiler rooms. Read more here>
By end of 2019, the total heating capacity of Hebei Province has reached 1.67 billion square meters, and the total heating area is nearly 1.4 billion square meters. More than 98% of the total heating area has heating sources through combined heat and power, large-scale regional boiler room, industrial waste heat, geothermal or electric energy etc.
The 14th Five-Year Plan is currently being drafted by Hebei Province, and smart heating is included as an important component. Internet of Things, cloud computing and big data will be used to improve efficiency in the complete heating system, e.g. heating source, pipe networks and end users.